February 8, 2011

1991 letter to Sean Killeen

Myself with Sean in Ithaca, NY.
I wrote the following letter in (I think) 1990, when Sean started his newsletter, "The Lead Belly Letter." He tried 4 issues a year for a couple of years, but eventually went down to 3, 2 and finally zero, (by 1996), but the Letters were full of fascinating information for Leadbelly fans. People wrote about their personal experiences with Leadbelly; there were contemporary reports about concerts; I wrote a couple of things I found out and my wife Marsha wrote a piece about his horse. (These are republished here in this blog.) I would like to go ahead and put all his Letters on line, but I don't know who to call. Sean, who was a tremendous fan, has gone now, but his work remains and could be shared.

Sean Killeen, Editor
The Lead Belly Letter
P.O. Box 6679
Ithaca, New York 14851.

Dear Sean:

       Thanks for the first two issues of the Lead Belly Letter, and for the clipping from the Ithaca Journal. I felt the same way as you when I started writing my thesis on the life of Huddie Ledbetter — I was surprised by the lack of written information about his life. 
       I had been a fan since my undergraduate days in college in the early '60's and I had always assumed that his biography was under control. After studying what there was available - particularly the Lomax book, "Negro Folk Songs as Sung By Lead Belly," - my interim conclusion is that most of what has been written is misleading. The Lead Belly Letter, then, is a wonderful opportunity for people to share information and opinions.
       Since I wrote my thesis, which was based largely on newspaper and magazine articles and the aforementioned Lomax book, I have taken to the field in search of further information. Since I live in Shreveport, the field is not so far off. 
       I would like to throw out a couple of ideas for general consideration. The first has to do with the name "Lead Belly." I am uncomfortable with it, and would be interested in hearing Huddie's feelings about it. I think Lomax simply misunderstood the name Ledbetter and decided that the nickname suited his purposes. But, did Huddie ever happily refer to himself as Lead Belly? His cousin Blanche Love was quoted as saying, "The name is 'Ledbetter!'," and I get the impression that the family is quite rightly proud of the name Ledbetter. 
       During his career as a singer in the Caddo Lake region, he was referred to, by his many fans, as Huddie, or Mister Huddie, and as far as I can tell, the name Lead Belly wasn't applied until after the meeting with Lomax. Does anybody have any different information to contribute? I don't think Huddie cared for the name Lead Belly.
       Idea number two: was Huddie really "a wandering balladeer who traveled extensively throughout the South and Southwest" as the writer of the Ithaca Journal states? I know he traveled extensively after he was released from Angola in 1934, but before that? He certainly came to Shreveport, but that's only about twenty miles from his home place. He also went to Dallas and Terrell, Texas, but he had family in Terrell and a girl friend in Dallas. And, unfortunately for him, he spent some time in New Boston, Texas, during cotton-picking season. These places are all within East Texas, and Shreveport is just over the Louisiana border. 
      There is some evidence to show that he spent most of his life until 1917 working on his family farm; and that he returned to Caddo Lake for the 1925 to 1930 period, working a day job and performing at local house parties. It's possible that he was much less a rambler; much more a member of a community. Does anybody have any further thoughts on this idea?
      What about Huddie's relationship with Lemon Jefferson? I understand there has been a certain amount of research into Jefferson's life, but I haven't seen much published information. There was a totally misleading article by Paul Oliver about thirty* years ago, and the things Huddie said about his relationship with Lemon tend to confuse the issue. For instance: were they really running around together in 1904, when Lemon was 11, and Huddie 16? It would be wonderful to shed more light there. Is anybody out there working on Lemon Jefferson? 
      There is certainly a great way to go in Ledbetter research and, at the moment, there is no more valuable tool than the Lead Belly Letter. 
Thanks, Sean.
                                      All the best,
                                       Monty Brown
*the early 1960's

January 22, 2011

BBC Recordings

Lead Belly
Bridging Lead Belly: this is a March 2000 article about Rounder CD 1151 by British music reviewer Frank Weston.

Boll Weevil, I'm Goin' Mother, Go Down, Ol' Hannah, Prison Holler, (Baby) Take a Whiff on Me, Irene, Jail-House Blues, Old Reilly, Ox Driver's Song (1), Ox Driver's Song (2), Julie Ann Johnson, Governor O.K. Allen, Frankie and Albert, St. Louis Blues, We're in the Same Boat Brother, Salt Lake City, Irene.

On receiving this disc for review my first thought was: What is there left to say about Leadbelly?  Likewise, what is there left to hear by Leadbelly?  Well, as has happened many times over my years of listening to various forms of folk, blues and jazz I have once again been surprised to come across recorded performances of which I and many others I might add were completely ignorant.  I was aware for instance that Woody Guthrie had one day in 1945 shortly after having been torpedoed during one of his wartime stints with the U.S Merchant Marine wandered into Broadcasting House, London, and appeared on BBC Children's Hour.  I may have even heard the programme as I was a regular listener at the time, 5.00 p.m. every schoolday afternoon.  Several years ago I was amazed to find that the BBC had had the foresight to keep a recording of the programme and thanks to the efforts of DJ Andy Kershaw it was broadcast.  Woody playing his Okie character to the hilt in conversation with the plumby voiced schoolmarm type presenter was a real treat to hear.
What has all this got to do with Leadbelly you are probably thinking?  Well the connection between Leadbelly and Woody Guthrie on this occasion is not Folkways Records or Alan Lomax or even Skiffle.  No, this time the connection is good old auntie BBC.  On October 10th 1938 in New York City, Felix Greene of the BBC had the foresight to record Leadbelly and twelve tracks from that session which I can only assume was the total recorded, are here more than sixty years later available on a Rounder recording.  Even the excellent biography on Leadbelly by Charles Wolfe and Kip Lornell doesn't have this session listed and we do not know if they were ever broadcast at the time.  These twelve tracks are well recorded and reproduced and make excellent listening, but if you already own a reasonable amount of Leadbelly's prodigious output then it is unlikely that you won't already have these titles from other sessions.  However if you are like me then it is always interesting to hear a previously unheard recording by someone whose music you really enjoy.
Always interesting yes, but not always a comfortable or easy experience - as is the case with the remaining five tracks on this disc.  As with the previous twelve tracks these have never been previously released and it is not difficult to understand why.  This session took place in 1946 in Salt Lake City, Utah and the recording was made at a private party on a wire recorder.  Wire recorders pre-dated tape and I believe were meant for use by the military and do not give brilliant results when recording music - especially when trying to capture such a dynamic performer as this under far from ideal conditions.  Personally I don't feel that this session really merits issue on a commercial disc.  However, I know that there are many completists who like to own everything or at least hear everything ever recorded by a particular artist and likewise try to find new meanings or interpretations not shown in previous performances.  The compiler of this disc, (the late Sean Killeen of Ithaca, NY,) obviously is one of these, running the Lead Belly Society (they insist on two words for the name) and issuing a quarterly Lead Belly Letter for several years in the 1990’s.
Nothing wrong with that, but I do feel that some of his notes add up to not much more than padding and he sometimes contradicts himself.  For example when writing about track two we are told that "This is a very basic blues song with standard guitar chords, but (Leadbelly) innovatively uses yodeling to set off each point he makes".  We are also told that the yodeling is "evidence of Leadbelly's innovative skills of singing old songs in new forms" - but then following this we are told that, in doing so, "Leadbetter tried to emulate the style of yodeling stars like Jimmie Rodgers and Gene Autry".  If Leadbelly was emulating Rodgers (which he most obviously was doing) and given that Rodgers died at the height of his enormous popularity five years earlier, I am tempted to ask; What is innovative?  As far as I am concerned, Leadbelly was doing exactly what most other so called blues/folksingers do, performing songs from a large and varied repertoire.  Anyone that attempted to earn a living from music on the streets or in saloons etc. would have to include at least a few popular songs of the day and by singing this Jimmie Rodgers type song that is exactly what our man was doing.  Other such material that Leadbelly had in his huge arsenal included songs from Gene Autry's later screen career such as "Springtime in the Rockies" and "Silver Haired Daddy of Mine."  The fact that commercial record companies only really were interested in recording so-called 'original' material has given us a rather slanted view on performers' repertoires - even the primitive sounding Charley Patton made an attempt at a pop song of the day, "Running Wild," and likewise Skip James with "So Tired."  Although in both cases, I think that their interpretations were so wild that they slipped past the record companies without recognition.
There are a couple of other things in the notes that make me smile, but in spite of this and in spite of the poor quality of the Salt Lake City session, I still find this to be a very interesting and worthwhile issue.
Frank Weston (March 14, 2000)

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